James Ibechi

Nigeria’s bilateral debt rises by 145% in 5 years, hits $4.06bn in 2020

By James Ibechi

James Ibechi is an energetic essayist whose pizazz for news coverage earned him an award by NUIS as Media Mentor. Driven by long for progress, he endeavors to make the world a superior spot with shrewd, insightful and instructive articles.

Nigeria’s amassed two-sided obligation rose by 144.58 percent to $4.06 billion in a long time from December 2015 to December 2020, information on outside advances from the Debt Management Office (DMO) have shown.

As of December 2015, the obligation figure was simply $1.66 billion, however consistent getting from nations like China, France, Japan, India and Germany, has seen this leap by $2.4 billion in the five years of the current administration of President Muhammadu Buhari.


A further breakdown shows that Nigeria as at year end 2015, had gotten $1.44 billion from Exim Bank of China, $157.95 million from Agence Francaise Development, $43.88 million from the Japan International Cooperation Agency and $11.44 million from Germany’s Kreditanstalt Fur Wiederaufbua, making an aggregate of $1.66 billion.

By December 2016, the loan rose fundamentally by $260 million to $1.92 billion with Africa’s most crowded nation owing China $1.64 billion, Japan $198.25 million, France $70.66 million, and Germany $11.09 million. In 2017, the figure expanded further by $450 million to $2.37 billion leaving Nigeria’s absolute obligation to China at $1.93 billion, Japan at $274.98 million, France at $73.45 million, and Germany at $92.59 million.

In 2018, in any case, Nigeria moved to get from China a sum of $14.79 million. This, combined with extra advances from different nations which as at year end had expanded by $720 million to $3.09 billion, converting into a breakdown of, China $2.49 billion, Japan $344.63 million, France $75.16 million, and Germany $172.02 million.

The year 2019 saw credits from the five nations ascend by $760 million to $3.85 billion with Nigeria owing China $3.18 billion, Japan $361.75 million, France $76.13 million, India $32.14 million, Germany $202.27 million, while this further expanded by $210 million to $4.06 billion as of December 31, 2020.

In particular, Nigeria’s obligation to China rose by $1.82 billion (126.39 percent); for France, it rose by $335.76 million (212.57 percent), while for Japan, it rose by $36.32 million (82.77 percent), and for Germany, it rose by $172.88 million (1511.19 percent) inside a long term period. In two years, in any case, Nigeria’s obligation profile rose by $22.21 million or 150.17 percent from 2018 to 2020.

Additionally, investigation shows that Nigeria acquired more from other advance financing sources, for example, multilaterals and plugs than from respective sources as reciprocal obligations make up 15.47 percent of Nigeria’s absolute outer obligations as of December 31, 2015, with a sum of $1.66 billion, while by December 31, 2020, it made up 12.2 percent, with an aggregate of $4.06 billion, showing an all out increment of $2.4 billion.

Categories: James Ibechi

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